Who Was Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop, “Missionary Mother”
of the Other “Scudder” Missionary Family to Ceylon?
Who Was Deacon Charles Lathrop?
Dr. John Scudder’s fellow missionary and distant cousin on board the Indus in 1819 was Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow.
Harriet Wadsworth Lathrop Winslow
The year 2019 is also the bicentennial year of the first of the four Lathrop/Scudder missionaries to enter service to Ceylon. We honor them and their exceptional family with several articles in this December 2019 issue of the Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal.
Harriet had three younger sisters who later also went as missionaries to Ceylon, between the years 1833 and 1837, to serve with their minister husbands. It seems remarkable that half of the eight children of Charles and Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop would choose such an arduous undertaking and that these four sisters should volunteer for Christian service in a country then quite unfavorable to women. In this series of articles, we address the question: “What might have motivated their choice to leave home and family for what each anticipated would be the remainder of their lives?”
As both heredity and environment play a role in life’s early choices, a logical place to begin to answer that question is to study the women’s parents and their close relatives and family culture. The memoir of Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow discloses she was born at Norwich, Connecticut on April 9, 1796, the second child and eldest daughter of Charles Lathrop, Esq. and Joanna Leffingwell.
Harriet’s Memoir, compiled by her husband Rev. Miron Winslow, reveals a strong undercurrent in the Lathrop family atmosphere:
Her immediate ancestors were pious. Her grandfather Lathrop [Azariah] used often to retire to the fields to pray for his posterity, to the latest generation; a practice which might well be imitated.
Harriet W. Lathrop Winslow’s father Charles Lathrop and mother Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop were third cousins-once removed on their Scudder and Lathrop/Lothrop family lines. The following diagram shows how shared their parents’ common family and cultural heritage was. (Generally, the posterity of Samuel2 Lothrop/Lathrop used the Lathrop spelling so it is used in this account of the family.)
Was Heredity a Factor in the Lathrop Sisters’ Service to the Indian Subcontinent?
Diagram of Lathrop/Scudder Missionary Sisters and Their Interrelated Biological and Family and Community Cultural Ties (and with Their Missionary Spouses Added)
Everyone on the chart who is highlighted in a color is a Scudder direct descendant through Elizabeth2 Scudder (John1, HenryA). Everyone whether they are in color or not is considered Scudder extended family. Parents of the 4 missionary sisters are highlighted in green. The 4 missionary sisters are highlighted in turquoise. Their husbands also qualify as Scudder extended family missionaries to Ceylon and India. Those in yellow are all Scudder and Lathrop descendants through Elizabeth2 (Scudder) and her husband Samuel2 Lathrop (Rev. John1).
Especially notable in the case of the four Lathrop sisters of Norwich, all of their direct line ancestral couples shown have at least one party that descends from the same ancestral couple Samuel2 and Elizabeth2 (Scudder) Lathrop. All on the diagram lived in Norwich, Connecticut.
Mary E. Perkins, Old Houses of the antient town of Norwich, 1660-1800 
Or, Was the Impetus for Their Service Also Due to Their Social and Spiritual Environment in and around Norwich, Connecticut Including in Their Local Congregation?
Was there something about the social and spiritual environment in the community at Norwich that also contributed to the sisters’ desire to serve as missionaries to India and Ceylon? Because multiple factors are so tightly interwoven, it may be difficult to separate the strands of influence from heredity, religious and family heritage, immediate family and local culture, community and their church congregation that had an effect on the Charles Lathrop children to motivate a majority of them to choose missionary or ministerial work.
Norwichtown Local Historic District
Charles and Joanna Lathrop were both products from the Puritan migration to New England from 1634–1644. Their common ancestress on the Scudder side, Elizabeth2 (Scudder) Lathrop, is the immigrant ancestress for the entire Scudder (E) line, niece of one of the foremost Christian writers and theologian in England, Rev. Henry1 Scudder (son of HenryA). Elizabeth (Scudder) Lathrop, also referred to as “Elizabeth (E),” was also a granddaughter of Rev. Thomas Stoughton, an early Puritan reformer in the 1500-1600s on her mother’s side. When Elizabeth2 (E)’s father John1 Scudder (HenryA) died when she was only age 1, her mother, Elizabeth (Stoughton) Scudder remarried to Rev. Robert Chamberlayne, who was minister to the congregation at Strood, Kent, England. Most of Elizabeth2’s youth was therefore spent under the guidance of her stepfather Rev. Robert Chamberlayne.
That Elizabeth2 (Scudder) Lathrop would later marry a minister’s son should be no surprise. Today the posterity of this couple numbers in the several thousands but many may not know their Scudder connection because Elizabeth2 Scudder (E)’s children were surnamed Lathrop, not Scudder, and, as the diagram shows, many generations of her descendants were surnamed Lathrop and other familiar surnames from Norwich such as Huntingtons, Leffingwells, Adgates, Coits, etc. Now, nearly 400 hundred years after their births, the posterity of Samuel2 and Elizabeth2 (Scudder) Lathrop that descend from their nine children now numbers in the many thousands. Their huge posterity includes U.S. presidents and other public servants and religious leaders of several faiths, exhibiting that Scudder and Lathrop propensity for service and ministering to the welfare of others.
The memory of Rev. John1 Lothrop, Charles and Joanna’s common 3rd great-grandfather, has been honored by his posterity for many generations. Additional detail about the Lathrop family culture that influenced Charles Lathrop is treated in a separate article about the family. Rev. John Lothrop’s persecution and imprisonment in England for his nonconformist religious beliefs are recorded in many sources including by Elijah B. Huntington who cites and summarizes some of these accounts in his A Genealogical Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family in this Country… Author E. B. Huntington is a descendant of Elizabeth2 Scudder and Samuel2 Lathrop through their son Israel3 and thus is a 3rd cousin to the Lathrop missionary sisters on both the Scudder and Lathrop family lines. Huntington was of similar age to the younger three daughters of Charles and Joanna and was raised in the same locale and among the same extended family. Born at Bozrah, only 6 miles from Norwich in the county of New London, Connecticut and married at Norwich, E. B. Huntington was immersed in the family and community culture of the Lathrop/Scudder missionaries to Ceylon and is expertly qualified to relate facets of their common heritage. In writing his brief descriptions about his Lathrop relatives, especially his contemporaries and near ancestors known to him or to his parents and grandparents, Mr. Huntington knew more of their history firsthand than most other authorities.
New London, Norwich and Bozrah, New London County, Connecticut
E. B. Huntington and others share historical tidbits of Lathrop generations to Deacon Charles and Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop that illustrate aspects of the Lathrop family culture that may have contributed to the character of the four sisters and to their missionary motivations.
Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop: the “Missionary Mother”
A Lathrop/Scudder descendant in her own right, Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop was born 28 October 1771, Norwichtown, Connecticut to Christopher and Elizabeth (Coit) Leffingwell.
Before her birth, Joanna’s father inherited the Leffingwell House that served as home and a tavern during the Revolutionary War. Her father was industrious, having built the first paper mill in Connecticut, five years before Joanna was born. The next year he and his brother Elisha “started a fulling-mill and a dye-house, a grist-mill, and a chocolate-mill. A pottery was also among the enterprises of Col. Leffingwell.” This he passed on to his son-in-law Charles Lathrop in 1793 to run for a time.
“During the Revolutionary War, Leffingwell was a deputy commissary to the Continental Army and George Washington occasionally stayed at the Leffingwell Inn.” Three letters from Christopher Leffingwell to George Washington are preserved at “Founders Online” at the National Archives at Archives.gov.
As a small child Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop would have seen General Washington when he stayed at her home, giving Joanna a firsthand perspective about the founding of the United States of America that she undoubtedly shared with her children.
Her father Christopher Leffingwell “was an ardent patriot” and “one of the committee of correspondence, appointed in 1775, he being “the chief labor.” Leffingwell was considered able and trustworthy as succinctly cited by Daniel Gilman at the Norwich Bi-Centennial Celebration in 1859:
Five days before the battle of Lexington, we find John Hancock, president of the provincial congress just adjourned, thanking Mr. Leffingwell for the important intelligence he had communicated; which appears to have been a full private letter from England, given an account of the action of the ministry.
The first announcement of the battles of Lexington and Concord was addressed to him…Col. Jedidiah Huntington writes to him a little later from the camp at Roxbury, and Col. Trumbull from the camp at Cambridge, asking for supplies. Whenever New London was threatened by the enemy’s fleet, a message was sent to Norwich, and more than once, Capt. Leffingwell and his light infantry, went down to the defense of their friends at the river’s mouth.
Perkins inserts, “It was said that none of all the companies, who marched to the relief of New London, equaled in order and equipments the light infantry under Capt. Leffingwell”. Gilman’s praise continues:
“In May, 1776, Nicholas Brown of Providence, sends him muskets to be forwarded to Gen. Washington—relying on ‘his well-known lead in the common cause, to send them as soon as possible.’ At a later day, load after load of tents are brought him to be forwarded with all expedition to the commander-in-chief”.
Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow’s grandfather Christopher Leffingwell died in 1810 when she was 14 years old and would have been well known to her. Harriet’s younger missionary sisters were born shortly after their grandfather Lathrop’s death. Their grandmother Leffingwell, Elizabeth (Coit) Leffingwell was also a Lathrop descendant, the daughter of Joseph Coit and Lydia5 (Lathrop) (Thomas4, Samuel3, Samuel2, Rev. John1), making the Lathrop and Elizabeth (E) Scudder heritage relevant in her grandparents Leffingwell home. However, Elizabeth (Coit) Leffingwell died in 1796, the year that Harriet W. L. Winslow was born. Her memories would have been of her step-grandmother Leffingwell who was Ruth (Webster) Perit, widow of John Perit, who became Christopher’s wife in 1799. Ruth’s father was Rev. Pelatiah Webster II which suggests more Congregational clergy influence on the people with whom Harriet W. L. Winslow associated. The Perits were also from Norwich and Websters became so on assignment. Grandmother Ruth Leffingwell would outlive Harriet by seven years.
Although Harriet W. L. Winslow would not have remembered her grandmother Elizabeth (Coit), Elizabeth’s influence on her husband Christopher Leffingwell and her grandson Charles Lathrop was substantial and endowed with Lathrop family culture through Elizabeth’s mother Lydia Lathrop. As the diagram shows, Joanna’s grandmother was Lydia5 Lathrop, a great-granddaughter of Elizabeth2 (Scudder) Lathrop and her husband Samuel2 Lathrop (Rev. John). Samuel2 Lathrop and Elizabeth (Scudder) Lathrop: Barnstable, New London and Norwich
Joanna’s Cousin Thomas Lathrop’s House, Norwich
Miron Winslow’s Memoir of Harriet W. L. Winslow provides a telling description of Harriet’s early life under the wise tutelage of her parents and other family members.
There is nothing, perhaps, in Harriet’s early days which requires particular notice, except that she displayed an uncommon degree of energy and perseverance in whatever she undertook, and at the same time, an inflexibility of temper which was an occasion of trouble both to herself and friends. She was, however, under the direction and anxious care of a most judicious mother, and had an elder brother peculiarly qualified to aid her in her conquest of herself. There were also amiable younger brothers and sisters, who with a most kind and excellent father at the head, formed a domestic circle of much loveliness, adapted to cherish the best affections of the heart. Such a domestic circle is an invaluable nursery for society.
Deacon Charles Lathrop, the Missionary Sisters’ Father
Charles6 Lathrop’s family heritage is detailed further in “Samuel Lathrop and Elizabeth (Scudder) Lathrop: Barnstable, New London and Norwich.” In his Lo-Lathrop Memoir, E. B. Huntington shares a priceless account from the pen of Rev. Daniel7 W. Lathrop, son of Charles and brother of the four missionary sisters to Ceylon. The fact that the Bible was in Daniel’s possession, having descended through Charles’s family, speaks well for their place of respect in the large extended family. The fact that Daniel became a reverend and that five sisters married ministers speaks volumes about Charles and his wife Joanna. Daniel7 underscores a number of claims stated in this issue when he writes:
This copy of the ‘Bishop’s Bible’ in the old English text was printed by Robert Barker in the city of London in 1605, in the early part of the reign of James I. It was brought to this country in September, 1634, by the Rev. John Lothropp, or Lathrop, the pastor of the first Independent church in London, shortly after his release from the imprisonment of two years which he suffered for the faith he professed.
Soon after his arrival in this country he became pastor of the first church in Scituate and in 1639 of the church in Barnstable, Mass. This Bible was brought to Norwich, Conn., by his son Samuel Lathrop, in 1668, eight years after the settlement of the town.
The book passed into the possession of a line of his descendants residing here (Samuel 2d, Nathaniel, and Azariah), to Deacon Charles Lathrop of the sixth generation, father of the writer. During the voyage to this country Mr. Lothrop dropped on one its pages a spark of fire while reading at his evening devotions. Unaware of the accident he fell asleep with the book partially closed, his fingers between the leaves. At length, awakened by the heat, he found that a hole had been burned through several pages of the sacred Book, the only copy on the ship. Before the voyage was completed the space thus burned was carefully filled, and the missing words on most of the pages supplied from memory with pen and ink in the old English text in which they had been printed. The interest of the Book is therefore enhanced not only by the antiquity of its imprint and other facts of its early history when it was the companion of Mr. Lothrop during his imprisonment, but also by this unique memento of it appreciation by the venerable servant of Christ, from whom descended so many families of different and respected names who for generations have dwelt on the plains and among the hills and vales of this beautiful town, and so many who have gone hence, an honor to various professions and employments in every portion of our country, and who have borne the light of science and the glad tidings of salvation to distant portions of the world.
At the bi-centennial celebration in Norwich (September, 1859,) the scriptures were read from this Book, and the foregoing history was given, being principally from my recollection of the statements made to me by my grandfather, Azariah Lathrop.
Daniel W. Lathrop. Norwich, Conn., September, 1859.
Rev. John Lothrop Bible, Sturgis Library, Barnstable, Massachusetts
The American Lothrop/Lathrop Story Begins with Rev. John Lothrop’s Escape from the Clink.
Harriet’s middle name of Wadsworth suggests that her parents were cultured people, receptive to the arts, so much so that Harriet was given the name Wadsworth though it was not a family name. Harriet gives some insight into why in her Memoir when she notes “an excursion, with some friends, to what is commonly called ‘Wadsworth’s mountain,’ near Hartford, the summer residence of Daniel Wadsworth, Esq., after whose sister our young friend was named…” The memoir does not state if the sister was a friend of her parents but is implied.
“View of Monte Video Seat of Daniel Wadsworth”
Their Lathrop “Scudder” missionary Cousin Who Also Went to Ceylon
Soon after the deaths in Ceylon of three of the four sisters from Norwich, Jane E. Lathrop, from the neighboring town of Bozrah, Connecticut, six miles away, signed up for service in Ceylon as a single woman to serve as a teacher in a mission school. Jane E. Lathrop was also a “Scudder” missionary, twice descended of Samuel2 Lathrop (Rev. John1) and Elizabeth2 Scudder (E) through their son Israel3 Lothrop and wife Rebecca Bliss. Jane E. Lathrop traveled to Ceylon in 1839. Jane E. Lathrop became the second wife of Rev. Henry Cherry after her cousin Charlotte8 Lathrop’s death.
Four Missionary daughters of Charles and Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop were in order of their arrival at Ceylon (those who died in Ceylon are shown in bold):
1) Harriet7 Wadsworth Lathrop, 1796–d. Ceylon, 1833 = Rev. Miron Winslow http://dev.scudder.org/harriet-wadsworth
2) Elizabeth7 Coit Lathrop, 1813– d. 1901, prob. Newark, Essex, N.J. = Rev. Samuel Hutchings
3) Charlotte7 Huntington Lathrop, 1811–d. Ceylon, 1837 = Rev. Henry Cherry
Rev. Cherry md. 2) [Rebecca] Jane E. Lathrop (Ezra6, Jonathan5, William4, Israel3, Samuel2=Elizabeth2
Scudder); Jane E. Lathrop was 2nd cousin to the 4 sisters through Israel3 Lathrop & Rebecca Bliss.
Jane (Lathrop) Cherry was a 2nd cousin to the 4 sisters and d. Madras, 1844.
3) 1844 Henrietta Ebell
4) Harriet7 Joanna Lathrop, 1816–d. Ceylon, 1838 = Rev John McCurly Strong Perry–d. Ceylon, 1838, both of cholera within three days of each other.
Putting the “Missionary Mother’s” sacrifices and sorrows in perspective:
Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop did not pass away until 1851, twenty years after she became a widow in 1831. The following year her grandson Charles Lathrop Winslow died, On 14 January 1833 Joanna’s dear daughter Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow died in Oodooville, Ceylon, apparently from complications in childbirth. The following June, Joanna’s daughter Elizabeth Coit (Lathrop) Hutchings and her husband Rev. Samuel Hutchings sailed for Ceylon, soon to be followed by two more daughters. Joanna’s son-in-law, Rev. William A. Hallock, records her losses in Ceylon to 1838:
[Harriet W. L. Winslow] having labored thirteen years in Jaffna, Ceylon, she died suddenly, January 14th, 1833, at the age of thirty-seven. Her three youngest sisters, Mrs. Elizabeth C. Hutchings, Mrs. Charlotte H. Cherry, and Mrs. Harriet Joanna Perry, followed her as missionaries to Ceylon, where the ashes of the two last named rest with hers in the church-yard at Oodooville.
Adding to the Total of Scudder Missionaries to the subcontinent of India:
Previously overlooked because of their different surnames, we added this year to our prior total of 44 Scudder missionaries to Ceylon and India, 7 more Scudder descendants who served missions in Ceylon. Some may call it coincidence, but was it? In our Journal articles we have now added five Lathrops and another Winslow: Harriet W. Lathrop and Miron Winslow plus their daughter, Harriet Lathrop Winslow (Dulles) and her husband Rev. John Welsh Dulles, Harriet W. L. Winslow’s 3 sisters: Elizabeth, Charlotte and Harriet J. and the 4 sisters’ 2nd cousin Jane E. (Lathrop) Cherry and spouses. In volume 1, no. 2, we also added Dr. John Scudder’s 2nd cousin, Lydia (Coward) Middleton and husband Henry Woodward. These additions now stand at 13 more Scudder extended family members because cousin Jane E. Lathrop md. Rev. Cherry as his 2nd wife. Our previous total of 44 Scudder missionaries included Dr. John Scudder and four generations of his posterity who served as missionaries and their distant cousin David Coit Scudder and his wife. Half of that previous total was Scudder descendants and the other half included their spouses. Using that same formula, the India/Ceylon Scudder missionary story now rightfully ought to include at least 29 Scudder descendants plus spouses for a total of 57 Scudder family missionaries and a collective 1100 years plus of their devoted service in the India subcontinent.
For those astute family history detectives who are quick to note the surname Coit in the family diagram above for the Lathrop sisters, more will be shared in a future article about David Coit Scudder, missionary who drowned at Madurai, Tamil Nādu, India in 1862. He was indeed related to the four sisters on the Scudder, Coit and Leffingwell lines, and in these was descended of Elizabeth2 (Scudder) Lathrop and Samuel2 Lathrop but was also a direct descendant of Elizabeth2’s brother John2 Scudder (John1), immigrant ancestor of the Scudder (J) line. Dr. John Scudder, whom we regard as the original Scudder pioneer missionary of 1819, descends from their uncle Thomas1 Scudder of the (T) line so all three early Scudder immigrant ancestors to America, (E), (J) and (T) supplied missionaries to Ceylon and India.
Was this legacy of service that was endowed upon hospitals and schools and thousands of people in India due to their Scudder and Lathrop genes? Do they inherently promote the spirit of service to others? Or was it also their cultural environment and their personal religious experiences that motivated them to act on their convictions with uncommon dedication?
To be continued
 “Harriet L. Winslow,” in sketch “Mrs. Harriet L. Winslow,” by her brother-in-law William A. Hallock, ed. by Hamilton Wilcox Pierson, American Missionary Memoir, 184. Hereafter cited as Hallock, “Mrs. Harriet L. Winslow,” with appropriate page number.
 Miron Winslow, A Memoir of Mrs. Harriet Wadsworth Winslow, Combining a Sketch of the Ceylon Mission:(New York: Leavitt, Lord & Co., 1835), 10, https://archive.org/details/amemoirmrsharri00winsgoog/page/n15. [Accessed 12/26/2019.]
 E. B. Huntington, A Genealogical Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family in this Country, embracing the descendants as far as known of The Rev. John Lothropp, of Scituate and Barnstable, Mass., and Mark Lothop, of Salem and Bridgewater, Mass., (Ridgefield, CT., Mrs. Julia M. Huntington, 1884), 38, 46–47, 57–61, 73–74, 78–80, 108, 152–153. These two immigrant ancestors to their American posterities were not related.
 Data for the chart is primarily derived from E. B. Huntington, A Genealogical Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family in this Country…; source records drawn from primary sources available for specific individuals at FamilySearch, https://familysearch.org; Vital Records of Norwich, 1659-1848, parts I and II, (Hartford, CT.: Hartford Society of Colonial Wars, 1913); and from E. B. Huntington, A Genealogical Memoir of the Huntington Family in this Country, (1863). In addition to the latter source, most accurate Huntington family origins is found in Donald Lines Jacobus, “Margaret (Baret) Huntington” Hale, House, and related families: mainly of the Connecticut River Valley, (Hartford, Cn.: Connecticut Historical Society, 1952), 647–651; and Robert Charles Anderson, “Simon Huntington,” The Great Migration Begins v. 2, G–O, 1044–1046.,
 Mary E. Perkins, Old houses of the antient town of Norwich, 1660–1800, (Norwich, Ct.; Press of the Bulletin Co., 1895), between pages 104–105.
 “Norwichtown Local Historic District,” Norwich Historical Society, p. 12 http://www.norwichhistoricalsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Heritage-Tourism-Report-2017_FINAL_3.8.18.pdf. [Accessed 12/17/2019.]
 Richard Green Usher, The Presbyterian Movement in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth as Illustrated by the Minute Book of the Dedham Classis, 1582–1589, xlvi, 27, 80.
 David B. Scudder, Scudder Searches, Scudder Association, v. V, no. 2 (Summer 1993): 6;
John Blythe Dobson, “A Note on the Reverend Robert Chamberlayne of Strood, Kent,” The American Genealogist, volume 73, no. 3, (July 2004): 228–234.
 Presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
 See Huntington. Mrs. Winslow was also related to another later Scudder missionary, David Coit Scudder on at least the Coit, Lathrop, Leffingwell and Scudder family lines. See Scudder Ancestors in America Genealogical Database, scudderancestorsinamerica.com.
 Google Maps.
 Charles Wesley Leffingwell, The Leffingwell Record, A Genealogy of the Descendants of Lieut. Thomas Leffingwell, one of the founders of Norwich, Conn., 1637–1897, (Aurora, N.Y.: Leffingwell Publishing Co., 1897), 53. Pages for the direct line of Joanna Leffingwell and her father Christopher are at 9–26, 31–33, 46–48, 53, 58–60.
 “Connecticut Births and Christenings, 1649-1906,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F77L-YMJ : 9 December 2019), Christopher Leffingwell in entry for Joanna Leffingwell, 1771.
 “Christopher Leffingwell House,” Historic Buildings of Connecticut, https://historicbuildingsct.com/the-christopher-leffingwell-house-1675/.
 Perkins, 83.
 “Christopher Leffingwell House,” Historic Buildings of Connecticut, https://historicbuildingsct.com/the-christopher-leffingwell-house-1675/.
 “To George Washington from Chrisopher Leffingwell,” 11 February 1776, 17 February 1776, and 15 July 1789, Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/search/Correspondent%3A%22Leffingwell%2C%20Christopher%22%20Correspondent%3A%22Washington%2C%20George%22. See website for text and full citations for each letter.
 Perkins, 68.
 Perkins, 72.
 Perkins, 72b.
 Perkins, 73.
 “Connecticut Deaths and Burials, 1772-1934,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F7JQ-M8G : 9 February 2018), Christopher Leffingwell, 27 Nov 1810; citing Connecticut, reference 601; FHL microfilm 3,357.
 “Ruth Perrit,” “Connecticut Marriages, 1630–1997,” FamilySearch,https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F7G9-XVC.
 Thomas Lathrop House, Norwich in Mary Elizabeth Perkins, Old Houses of the Antient Town of Norwich [Conn.] 1660–1800, p. 152. Thomas6 Lathrop (Joshua5, Thomas4, Samuel3, Samuel2, Rev. John1) was a first cousin once removed of the missionaries’ mother Joanna Leffingwell through the Thomas4 Lathrop/Lidea Abell line.
 Winslow, 3.
 Huntington, 230–231.
 Rev. John Lothrop Bible, Sturgis Library, Barnstable, Massachusetts
 Winslow, 27.
 Thomas Cole, “View of Monte Video Seat of Daniel Wadsworth,” https://www.wikiart.org/en/thomas-cole/view-of-monte-video-seat-of-daniel-wadsworth-1828. Public domain.
 To keep Jane E.’s history and relationship to the 4 Lathrop/Scudder missionary sisters accurate, it needs mention that she was known as Jane E. Lathrop on the mission records but apparently recorded at her birth as (Rebecca) Jane7 Lathrop, 17 December 1811, daughter of Ezra6 Lathrop (Jonahan5, William4, Israel3, Samuel2, Rev. John1).
Jane7 E. Lathrop descends through both a female and male line of descent from Mrs. Elizabeth (Scudder) (E) Lathrop and husband Samuel Lathrop: (Jane7 E., Ezra6, Jonathan5, Rebecca4, Israel3, Samuel2, Rev. John1) and through other allied families of Norwich and New London County that she shares in common with her cousins such as Huntingtons and Adgates.
 Hallock, “Mrs. Harriet L. Winslow,” 185.