Scudder Research Led to New Perspectives about Samuel and Lydia Stewart:
Long Island Roots and Relationships for StewartScudder, and Harrison, in New York, Delaware, Virginia, and North Carolina; and add Potter et al. in Delaware
© Margery Boyden, Spring 2022, with permission to the Scudder Association Foundation

 Map Description automatically generated[1]

Most of us want to know who our ancestors are and from whence they came. For some, this means a family history mystery that requires gathering enough clues to put the puzzle pieces together accurately. This is especially true for those who feel a gnawing skepticism about speculations others have made. For more than 100 years, Samuel and Lydia Stewart/Stuart of Long Island, New York, Sussex County, Delaware, Augusta County, Virginia and Rowan County, North Carolina have presented their large posterity with opportunities for such family history adventures —and misadventures by chasing speculations. These people and their ancestors now have thousands of descendants and not all have the same opinions about them and what constitutes their true history.[2] This issue of the Journal continues the story of the Stewart branch of the Scudder family from Summer/Fall 2021 issue, volume 3, no. 3 by detailing Samuel2 and Lydia Stewart’s roots and family relationships at Long Island. Samuel2 Stewart was a great-grandson of John2 and Mary2 (King) Scudder of Newtown and great-great grandson of Thomas1 Scudder of the (T) line.

While recognizing that challenging some deeply held traditions may meet resistance, if one finds additional historical evidence that calls some old traditions or claims into question, there is an obligation to share it. Such is the case with Samuel2 Stewart and his wife Lydia2 Harrison and with their fathers’ histories. Not to suggest infallibility, this is a sincere effort to offer new findings from historical records that expose discrepancies found in some previous conclusions, even some in print. Traditions and speculations often don’t jibe with historical facts. Some prior accounts for these families based their opinions or speculations on the records to which they had access, but they were sometimes missing important other records that may have led to different conclusions. There is more recent scholarship published in well regarded journals that has corrected misinformation and led to a more accurate picture of some Harrison and Scudder family members. Reviewing individuals’ histories within their extended family, geographical, social, cultural and religious contexts, can aid in solving family history mysteries.

Samuel2 Stewart’s history begins where all our histories do, within the context of our birth family or the family that raised us, and within the context of our extended family who also welcomed us as babes: such as grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and so forth. Family, social, historical and geographical situations influence us and are all part of one’s history. By studying in-depth, Samuel2 and Lydia Stewart’s Long Island roots and relationships from their ancestral and extended families, this approach has added valuable perspective to the history of Samuel2 and Lydia (Harrison) Stewart that has been built by more than 100 years of collaborative research by their descendants.

These articles in the Spring 2022 issue of the Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal are from chapters in A Guidebook to the Records for Samuel and Lydia (Harrison) Stewart: New Perspectives from New Data and from Reviewing 100 Years of Collaborative Research, Part I, Long Island Roots and Relationships.[3] This work cross references to their earlier detailed ancestral family history that can be found in its predecessor, the narrative history From Conscience to Liberty: Early Long Island Families in a Crucible that Gave Rise to Religious Freedom, 1526–1664,[4] volume 1, Parts A & B that documents their families’ maternal ancestral roots discovered thus far in the Old World and New England and New York. Scudder material in From Conscience to Liberty applies to descendants of HenryA Scudder of Horton Kirby, Kent, England who died there sometime between 29 September 1594, when he made his will, and 5 November 1595 when his will was proved.[5] His son, Thomas1 Scudder (T), was the Stewart’s immigrant ancestor on their maternal Scudder line. His famous brother, Rev. Henry1 Scudder, remained in England but his remarkable history is included in the book. The founding branches of the other two Scudder family lines in America were Thomas1 (T’s) nephew John2 Scudder (J), and niece Elizabeth2 Scudder (E), who were children of Thomas1 (T)’s brother John1 who died in England.[6]

Similarly, From Conscience to Liberty also includes the history of the ancestral roots of families allied by marriage to Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr.’s first wife, Elizabeth1 Wright (Gideon2, Peter1) and to Isaiah1, Sr.’s supposed second wife, Abigail___? Smith, proposed for him by J. Houston Harrison in Settlers by the Long Grey Trail[7] and numerous other associated families. Significant evidence to the contrary has been published since Long Grey Trail was written that indicates it is time to revisit some of his speculations which will be done from various perspectives in this issue of the Journal.

This Spring 2022 issue of the Scudder Family Historical and Biographical Journal introduces new research that enlarges perspectives for discussions about J. Houston Harrison’s claims about Isaiah1, Sr.’s alleged father, the identity of his 2nd wife, and, from a new-found court record, adds the correct relationship to Isaiah1 Sr. and Abigail Harrison, of a son Joseph2 Harrison who died in 1748 in Augusta County, Virginia, and a daughter Lydia2—if she is different than Isaiah1, Sr.’s daughter Elizabeth2 by his first wife.[8] As this court record proves, J. Houston Harrison erred on page 114 in assuming that the Isaiah who was Joseph2’s executor was his brother Isaiah2, Jr. and that Joseph2 was Isaiah2, Jr.’s “son.” This court record specifies that Joseph2’s administrator was his son Isaiah3, and whose descendants are 100% matches to the rest of Isaiah1’s clan.[9] Just as with the others of Isaiah1’s second family, identification of Joseph2 and Lydia2 Harrison is from probate, court and land records, and from various other sources, including the invaluable “Harrison Y DNA Study” at FamilyTreeDNA. The Y DNA study exposes some of the false relationship claims to other Harrisons.[10]

This history of Samuel2 and Lydia2 Stewart begins with their important roots and surprising relationships at Long Island within the context of their large extended family network that began three decades before Samuel and Lydia Stewart married in Delaware and includes some new perspectives about them and about their Scudder connections at Long Island.

Table of Contents

Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr., the Enigmatic Blacksmith, and His Long Island Roots:
Why Was He at Smithtown in 1684, with Scudders from Huntington, Long Island, 
Three Years before His Supposed Arrival in America at Oyster Bay?

Dr. John Stewart ‘s First Record in America at Oyster Bay, 1686, Finds Him with
Isaiah Harrison, Sr.’s Future In-laws from the Wright and Townsend Families

The Cooper Joseph2 Ludlam, and the Blacksmith Isaiah1 Harrison, Engines of Commerce at 
Early Oyster Bay, Had Early Ties to Scudders and to Dr. John1 Stewart, the Cooper

Elizabeth2 (Townsend) (Wright) Ludlam, the Cooper’s wife and Isaiah Harrison Sr.’s 
Mother-in-law: Her Wide-ranging Long Island Extended Family Network, Scudders Included

Scudders of Ten Farms, Huntington in Disputed Territory on West Side of Nissequogue River,
and a Summary of Huntington’s Land Dispute with Richard1 Smith, Patentee of Smithtown

Like a Few Other “Traditions” about Isaiah1 Harrison’s Family Relationships, Speculation that
Abigail, 2nd Wife of Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr. Was a “Smith” Is Contradicted by Long Island Sources

Why Did Isaiah and Abigail___? Harrison Move from Oyster Bay to Smithtown in 1702?
The Hunt for Abigail among Isaiah, Sr.’s In-laws, including Scudder and Townsend Connections

The William1 Lawrence Family of Flushing. Did Isaiah1 Harrison’s In-laws Know Lawrences?
Isaiah1’s Contemporary, John1 Harrison of Flushing and Jamaica, L.I. and Oyster Bay

Samuel2 & Lydia Stewart of New York, Delaware, Virginia, and North Carolina:
A Sample of 100 Years of Collaborative and New Research Reviewed. Includes Y DNA Data

The First Record for Samuel2 Stewart Is the Will of His Father Dr. John1 Stewart/Stuart
and This Sussex County, Delaware Will Confirms Samuel2 Stewart’s Long Island Roots

Perspectives shared in this issue of the Journal are only a fraction of the history to be made available about Scudder descendants from these Stewart and Delaware branches of the Scudder family and about some “who married in.” A more detailed history of Samuel2 Stewart’s parents, Dr. John1 and Elizabeth3 (Alburtus) Stewart, will be given in a future issue of the Journal when their separate, detailed Guidebook is ready for publication. This Guidebook will include the other Dr. John1 and Elizabeth Stewart/Scudder descendants who remained in Delaware.

Articles in this issue are excerpts from A Guidebook to the Records for Samuel and Lydia (Harrison) Stewart: New Perspectives from New Data and from Reviewing 100 Years of Collaborative Research, Part I, Long Island Roots and Relationships, (Electronic version, Scudder Family Store, https://scudder.org/product-category/books/.]

The appendices of Part I of Samuel and Lydia Stewart’s Guidebook explore several claims made in Settlers by the Long Grey Trail pertinent to Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr.’s roots, by reviewing them within the context of other historical sources available and his important extended family connections.

Appendix A. Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr.’s Long Island Timeline with Research Notes.

Appendix B. Research notes: Abridged Timeline for John1 Harrison of Flushing, Jamaica, Oyster Bay and Harrison, N.Y, and Pennsylvania and New Jersey. (Mentions his ties to Isaiah Harrison, Sr.’s in-laws.)

Appendix C. Research notes for Rev. Thomas Harrison, 1619–1682.


  • [1] Oyster Bay, satellite view, Google Maps.
  • [2] See the lead article of the Summer/Fall 2021 issue, volume 3, no. 3, Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal that introduces the Stewart branch of the Scudder family at https://scudder.org/john-and-mary-king-scudder-17th-century-pioneers-on-long-island/.
  • [3] Margery Boyden, A Guidebook to the Records for Samuel and Lydia (Harrison) Stewart: New Perspectives from New Data and from Reviewing 100 Years of Collaborative Research, Part I, Long Island Roots and Relationships. (Electronic version, Scudder Family Store, 2022, https://scudder.org/product-category/books/.)
  • [4]Margery Boyden, From Conscience to Liberty: Early Long Island Families in a Crucible that Gave Rise to Religious Freedom, 1526–1664, Parts A & B, (By the author: (2020). A list of the primary families featured in volume 1 may be viewed at, a “Look Inside” with Table of Contents and part of the Introduction are available at https://scudder.org/product/from-conscience-to-liberty/, Family Store at scudder.org. An electronic version will be coming soon.
  • [5] “Our Story Begins with Henry Skudder (Scudder), Yeoman, of Horton Kirby, Kent,” Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal, Scudder Association Foundation, volume 1, no. 1, April 2019, https://scudder.org/henry-scudder-yeoman/. Volume 1, no. 1 also contains “The 400-year-old Will of Henry Skudder, Yeoman of Horton Kirby, Kent,” https://scudder.org/the-will-of-henrya-scudder/.
  • [6] Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal, volume 2, no. 1, (Spring 2020): “Which Is Your Courageous Immigrant Ancestor? John Scudder, b. 1618 or His Sister Elizabeth Scudder, b. 1625 or Their Uncle Thomas Scudder, 1587?” https://scudder.org/american-scudder/ and “Thomas Scudder, b. 1587, Ancestor of the American Scudder (T) Line,” https://scudder.org/thomas-scudder-t-line/ and “Early Life and Times of John Scudder (J), b. 1618, Strood, Kent, England, 1635 Immigrant to New England, Later Known as John Scudder of Barnstable,” https://scudder.org/john-scudder-of-barnstable/ and Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal,” volume 2, no. 2, (Fall 2020), “Elizabeth (Scudder) Lathrop, Ancestress of the Scudder (E) Line,” https://scudder.org/elizabeth-scudder-born-1625-biography/.
  • [7] Harrison, LGT, 37.
  • [8] Chapter 1, “Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr., the Enigmatic Blacksmith, and His Long Island Roots: Why Was He at Smithtown in 1684, with Scudders from Huntington, Long Island, Three Years before His Supposed Arrival in America at Oyster Bay? A Guidebook to the Records for Samuel and Lydia (Harrison) Stewart, Part I, 12.
  • [9] Ibid.
  • [10] Chapter 7, “Samuel & Lydia Stewart of New York, Delaware, Virginia, and North Carolina: A Sample of 100 Years of Collaborative and Non-collaborative Research Reviewed. Includes Y DNA Data.”

 


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